How is the litigation process started?

One commences legal action by filing with the Court a "Complaint." A Complaint is a legal document normally created by legal counsel which alleges the various wrongs committed and specifies the relief desired, usually a monetary reward. The Complaint is subject to rigorous requirements and, if not properly drafted, it may be objected to by the responding party ("Motion to Strike," "Motion to Dismiss," etc.) and the Court may dismiss the action or require the pleading to be amended. The party bringing the action is called the Plaintiff. The party defending is the Defendant. Should the Defendant seek its own relief against the Plaintiff, then the Defendant may file in the same action its own Complaint which is called a "Counter Complaint."