The FAA uses certificate suspensions of a fixed number of days to discipline an alleged violator and to deter others similarly situated. Suspensions of indefinite duration are issued to prevent a certificate holder from exercising the privileges of a certificate pending demonstration that the certificate holder meets the standards required to hold its certificate. Certificate revocations are issued when the FAA determines that a certificate holder is no longer qualified to hold a certificate. Orders of suspension and revocation issued by the FAA may be appealed to the National Transportation Safety Board, and the Board’s decisions may be reviewed by a United States court of appeals.
For information regarding Medical Certificates go here; the NTSB go here; NASA
ASRS Immunity go here; Legal Links go here.